The black-legged tick or deer tick can transmit the bacteria Borellia Burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease. Referred to as cold weather parasites, ticks are active as of 0⁰C. Lyme disease can yield a wide range of symptoms. Vaccination and prevention are available.
These bloodsuckers transmit heartworm. They infect our pets with the larval form of the disease when they feed on them. The larvae travel through the bloodstream and take up residence in the heart and lungs, causing circulatory and respiratory issues. It is ideal to start prevention in the spring and through to the end of the mosquito season.
Fleas can live year round indoors, but we usually see a peak in infestations in August or September. Fleas can cause more than just itchy, scratchy skin. They can transmit tapeworm and Bartonella.
4. Intestinal parasites
Intestinal parasites are usually contracted when pets ingest stools or something contaminated by fecal matter. It is best not to let our dogs eat feces or other debris when out on a walk. Adult dogs are most often symptom free, but if the infection becomes chronic, there can be health consequences.
Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with Leptospira bacteria, which affects primarily the kidneys. These bacteria are primarily found in soil and water. Dogs can become infected if they come in contact with infected urine, urine contaminated soil, water, food or bedding. They can also become infected if bitten by a contaminated animal or by ingesting tissues of an infected animal.